Conviction comes with the tagline that it is based on an "incredible true story." Not all great stories make for great movies though.

The true story, which is pretty incredible, belongs to Betty Anne Waters and her brother Kenny. When Kenny was convicted of murder, Betty resolved to put herself through law school in order to take up his case and, ultimately, appeal his conviction. This process takes years, because Betty had to first earn her GED and then make it through undergraduate education, which she did while working primarily as a waitress.

The pitch sounds like a "can't miss" movie, and Minnie Driver, Juliette Lewis, and Melissa Leo combine with Swank and Rockwell to give the film a cast that is truly impressive. That the film is not more engaging can be attributed to two script and direction problems.

First, television dramas aside, the legal process is not inherently dramatic. A trial has moments of drama, yes, but Conviction is not really a courtroom drama. The bulk of Betty Anne's legal work that is shown in the film involves talking to people on the phone and visiting her brother in prison. That the most dramatic moment in the film comes off camera and that we learn about it after the fact rather than see it may be a testament to the film's verisimilitude, but it may also leave audiences wanting a drama rather than a civics lesson feeling a bit cheated.

Hilary Swank as Betty Anne Waters

Hilary Swank as Betty Anne Waters

The bigger problem with filming this narrative, though, is structural. Contemporary narrative film as a temporal, visual medium is good at showing action, immediacy, and consequence. It is generally less successful at capturing faithfulness, constancy, or persistence—qualities that demonstrate themselves, and grow in scope and meaning, over long passages of time. Conviction avoids the most stale and clichéd way of compressing time, that of the montage set to stirring music, but its plot arc is very repetitive. Betty's husband tells her to give up, but she keeps going. Betty has problems going to law school and working to support herself at the same time (her nasty law professor won't let her hand in a paper that is five minutes late), but buckles down and keeps going. Betty's kids feel neglected and ask to go live with their dad; Betty bites her lip, sends them off, collapses in tears, picks herself up, and keeps going. Betty's best friend questions whether or not she has done everything she can, so Betty fights with her—and keeps going.

Sam Rockwell as Betty Anne's brother Kenny

Sam Rockwell as Betty Anne's brother Kenny

These actions, these sacrifices, would certainly carry more weight if there were any dramatic tension attached to them, but in part because the film is based on a true story, most thoughtful viewers, even if they haven't seen the film's trailer that gives away 95 percent of the plot, will know already that Betty is not going to quit. I am certainly glad that she did not, and the fact that she did not makes her an admirable woman about whom a very interesting film could probably be made. Conviction is geared too much toward reviewing what happened to her and Kenny and not enough toward giving us insight into how they were able to accomplish and endure what they did. We are shown flashbacks of Betty and Kenny as children which hint that Betty may be fueled by survivor's guilt and gratitude for Kenny's protectiveness of her as a child, but these are handled pretty perfunctorily.

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Minnie Driver as Betty Anne's friend Abra Rice

Minnie Driver as Betty Anne's friend Abra Rice

The depiction of the Waters's background is also illustrative of the way in which the film foregrounds the personal issues in but largely sidesteps the sociopolitical issues raised by the story. It is clear enough that director Tony Goldwyn wants to make an inspirational film and not a polemic, but the relative absence of a larger context is something that actually mutes some of the story's impact. Each obstacle in the process of overturning the conviction becomes a personal hurdle that an extraordinary person has to overcome, and at no point, even after the film brings in Barry Scheck and the Innocence Project, does Waters's case ever really become emblematic of endemic failures in the legal system or a reminder of the scores of others who have been exonerated by DNA evidence.

Rockwell with director Tony Goldwyn on the set

Rockwell with director Tony Goldwyn on the set

The late Gene Siskel used to say that he would often ask himself if a film sounded more or less interesting than an hour of watching its actors talking over lunch. Conviction is a respectful and, in many ways, laudable film that will probably draw attention to an important issue. That said, I left the theater with the feeling that an hour watching Betty Anne or Kenny Waters discuss their experiences over lunch would have given me the same amount of information and a lot more understanding.

Talk About It

Discussion starters
  1. Is there a difference between conviction and faith? On what does Betty ground her conviction that Kenny is innocent?
  2. What is the difference, if any, between having someone fighting for you and having someone believe in you? Which seems more important to Kenny? Why? Which is more important to you?
  3. Given that the legal system is manned by fallible (and sinful) human beings, are wrongful convictions inevitable? What could be done to keep what happened to Kenny from happening again?
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  1. Is Betty a hero? Why or why not?

The Family Corner

For parents to consider

Conviction is rated R for language and some violent, crime related images. The use of profane and obscene language, while not excessive by contemporary standards, is not limited to isolated instances. Criminal violence is described rather than depicted, though we see brief views of crime scene photographs typical of a police procedural genre. Some scenes involving Betty Anne and Kenny as youngsters may be difficult for adolescents as they involve family separation and emotional trauma. Kenny strips during a drunken bar dance, and his naked backside and buttocks are briefly shown.

Our Rating
2 Stars - Fair
Average Rating
(not rated yet)ADD YOURSHelp
Mpaa Rating
R (for language and violent images)
Directed By
Tony Goldwyn
Run Time
1 hour 47 minutes
Hilary Swank, Sam Rockwell, Melissa Leo
Theatre Release
November 05, 2010 by Fox Searchlight
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