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Christian History

Today in Christian History

August 20

August 20, 1153: Bernard of Clairvaux, French theologian, monastic reformer, and hymn writer (“O Sacred Head Now Wounded”), dies. His motto was “To Know Jesus and Jesus Crucified” (see issue 24: Bernard of Clairvaux).

August 20, 1745: Francis Asbury, one of the two first Methodist bishops in America (the other was Thomas Coke), is born in Birmingham, England (see issue 45: Camp Meetings and Circuit Riders).

August 20, 1912: William Booth, founder and first General of the Salvation Army, dies (see issue 26: William and Catherine Booth).

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June 25, 1115: St. Bernard founds a monastery at Clairvaux, France, that would soon become the center of the Cistercian religious order. The order had been established 17 years earlier to restore Benedictine monasticism to a more primitive and austere state, but it is Bernard who is most closely associated with it. He founded 70 Cistercian monasteries, which in turn founded another 100 in his lifetime (see issue 24: Bernard of Clairvaux).

June 25, 1530: Lutherans present their summary of faith, known ...

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